WILPF Advocacy Documents

International

Pacific and Indian Oceans

Militarisation | Nuclear Weapons
Date/month:
5 August 1983
Document type:
Resolution
Body submitted to:

The 22nd Congress of the Women’s International League for Peace and Freedom, 31 July – 6 August, 1983 in Göteborg, Sweden:

Concerned about the increased military presence of outside powers in the Indian Ocean, WILPF again declares its support for the concept of the Indian Ocean as a zone of peace embodied in the UN Declaration of 1971.

Concerned also about the increasing nuclearisation of the Pacific Ocean and islands, WILPF seeks from the UN a treaty establishing the Pacific as a Nuclear Weapon Free Zone similar to the Treaty of Tlatelolco establishing Latin America as a Nuclear Weapon Free Zone. Such a treaty to prohibit the use of the Pacific Ocean and Islands for the purposes such as: nuclear weapon tests; dumping of nuclear wastes; storage of nuclear weapons and establishing of nuclear bases; harbouring and passage of nuclear powered and/or nuclear-armed vessels and submarines.

The Congress requests all sections to urge their governments to:

(a) Ask the UN to expedite the holding of the postponed Indian Ocean Conference originally decided by resolution of December, 1971; and

(b) Ask the UN to promote a Treaty establishing the Pacific Ocean as a nuclear weapon free zone

(c) The Congress requests all sections to press for the dismantling of the nuclearized military and naval base of Diego Garcia and the withdrawal of the rapid deployment force stationed at this base.

WILPF Afghanistan

In response to the takeover of Afghanistan by the Taliban and its targeted attacks on civil society members, WILPF Afghanistan issued several statements calling on the international community to stand in solidarity with Afghan people and ensure that their rights be upheld, including access to aid. The Section also published 100 Untold Stories of War and Peace, a compilation of true stories that highlight the effects of war and militarisation on the region. 

IPB Congress Barcelona

WILPF Germany (+Young WILPF network), WILPF Spain and MENA Regional Representative

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Demilitarisation

WILPF uses feminist analysis to argue that militarisation is a counter-productive and ill-conceived response to establishing security in the world. The more society becomes militarised, the more violence and injustice are likely to grow locally and worldwide.

Sixteen states are believed to have supplied weapons to Afghanistan from 2001 to 2020 with the US supplying 74 % of weapons, followed by Russia. Much of this equipment was left behind by the US military and is being used to inflate Taliban’s arsenal. WILPF is calling for better oversight on arms movement, for compensating affected Afghan people and for an end to all militarised systems.

Militarised masculinity

Mobilising men and boys around feminist peace has been one way of deconstructing and redefining masculinities. WILPF shares a feminist analysis on the links between militarism, masculinities, peace and security. We explore opportunities for strengthening activists’ action to build equal partnerships among women and men for gender equality.

WILPF has been working on challenging the prevailing notion of masculinity based on men’s physical and social superiority to, and dominance of, women in Afghanistan. It recognizes that these notions are not representative of all Afghan men, contrary to the publicly prevailing notion.

Feminist peace​

In WILPF’s view, any process towards establishing peace that has not been partly designed by women remains deficient. Beyond bringing perspectives that encapsulate the views of half of the society and unlike the men only designed processes, women’s true and meaningful participation allows the situation to improve.

In Afghanistan, WILPF has been demanding that women occupy the front seats at the negotiating tables. The experience of the past 20 has shown that women’s presence produces more sustainable solutions when they are empowered and enabled to play a role.

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