WILPF Advocacy Documents


Proposed Treaty on the Non-Proliferation of Nuclear Weapons

Arm Transfers | Disarmament | Nuclear Weapons
29 July 1965
Document type:
Body submitted to:

The 16th Triennial Congress of the Women’s International League for Peace and Freedom, 26-31 July, 1965 in The Hague, Holland:


Governments possessing nuclear weapons (presently including the United States of America, the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics, the Republic of France and the People’s Republic of China), hereinafter called the Nuclear Parties, and governments not possessing nuclear weapons, hereinafter called the Non Nuclear Parties.

Proclaiming as their principled aim the attainment of an agreement on general and complete disarmament, under international control, in accordance with the objectives of the United Nations;

Determined to engage in continuous negotiation until that goal is achieved;

Convinced that an increase in the number of States possessing nuclear weapons constitutes a grave risk to the world and threatens to extend and intensify the problem of achieving peace;

Persuaded that collateral measures can materially improve international security, offer a working basis for new and constructive decisions, and give substantial impetus to further progress in disarmament;

Have agreed as follows:-

Article 1

The Nuclear Parties to the Treaty undertake to refrain from transferring nuclear weapons, openly or covertly, on a bilateral or multilateral basis, from relinquishing ownership or control over such weapons, from providing scientific and technological assistance and/or fissile materials necessary for the manufacture of such weapons, to States or groups of States, not now possession them.

Article II

The Non-Nuclear Parties to the Treaty undertake to refrain from manufacturing or otherwise obtaining ownership or control of nuclear weapons and to bar admission of nuclear weapons of any other State or groups of States to their territory.

Article III

The Nuclear Parties to the Treaty agree to extend to the Non-Nuclear Parties to the Treaty, in consideration of their renunciatory action in foregoing nuclear weapons, a guarantee not to use nuclear armaments against Non-Nuclear Parties.

Article IV

The Nuclear Parties to the Treaty agree to freeze their nuclear arsenals and delivery systems at present levels.

Article V

The Nuclear Parties to the Treaty also agree to affirm their intention to reduce and eventually eliminate their stock of nuclear weapons and the means of their delivery.

Article VI

The Parties to the Treaty, both Nuclear and Non-Nuclear, agree to submit to safeguards and inspection by the International Atomic Energy Agency, to ensure that weapons grade material is not transferred or developed.

Article VII

The Non-Nuclear Parties to the Treaty agree to prohibit ships carrying nuclear weapons from entering their ports, and aircraft carrying such weapons from landing on their airfields.

WILPF Afghanistan

In response to the takeover of Afghanistan by the Taliban and its targeted attacks on civil society members, WILPF Afghanistan issued several statements calling on the international community to stand in solidarity with Afghan people and ensure that their rights be upheld, including access to aid. The Section also published 100 Untold Stories of War and Peace, a compilation of true stories that highlight the effects of war and militarisation on the region. 

IPB Congress Barcelona

WILPF Germany (+Young WILPF network), WILPF Spain and MENA Regional Representative

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WILPF uses feminist analysis to argue that militarisation is a counter-productive and ill-conceived response to establishing security in the world. The more society becomes militarised, the more violence and injustice are likely to grow locally and worldwide.

Sixteen states are believed to have supplied weapons to Afghanistan from 2001 to 2020 with the US supplying 74 % of weapons, followed by Russia. Much of this equipment was left behind by the US military and is being used to inflate Taliban’s arsenal. WILPF is calling for better oversight on arms movement, for compensating affected Afghan people and for an end to all militarised systems.

Militarised masculinity

Mobilising men and boys around feminist peace has been one way of deconstructing and redefining masculinities. WILPF shares a feminist analysis on the links between militarism, masculinities, peace and security. We explore opportunities for strengthening activists’ action to build equal partnerships among women and men for gender equality.

WILPF has been working on challenging the prevailing notion of masculinity based on men’s physical and social superiority to, and dominance of, women in Afghanistan. It recognizes that these notions are not representative of all Afghan men, contrary to the publicly prevailing notion.

Feminist peace​

In WILPF’s view, any process towards establishing peace that has not been partly designed by women remains deficient. Beyond bringing perspectives that encapsulate the views of half of the society and unlike the men only designed processes, women’s true and meaningful participation allows the situation to improve.

In Afghanistan, WILPF has been demanding that women occupy the front seats at the negotiating tables. The experience of the past 20 has shown that women’s presence produces more sustainable solutions when they are empowered and enabled to play a role.

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