Submission for the Universal Periodic Review (UPR) of Russia, 44th session of the UPR Working Group.
The submission illustrates examples of human rights violations within Russia, especially those relating to the repression of people opposing the war in Ukraine. It addresses the intersectional dimensions of repression; the use of new technology in repression; militarisation of education; forced recruitment and the targeting of ethnic minorities and Indigenous communities; and violations of the right to conscientious objection to military service. The submission also recalls violations linked to Russia’s use of explosive weapons in Syria and Ukraine, as documented by investigative mechanisms of the United Nations Human Rights Council (HRC) and human rights organisations. It also presents concerns relating to Russia’s arms trade.