WILPF Advocacy Documents

Israel, Middle East, Palestine

WILPF Statement on the Middle East

Human Rights
Date/month:
10 February 2009
Document type:
Position
Body submitted to:

WILPF Statement on the Middle East,
10 February 2009

On 27 December 2009 Israel launched a military operation on the Gaza Strip, the most densely populated part of the Palestinian Territory under Israeli occupation since 1967. The operation was code-named Cast Lead and began with heavy bombardments of the Strip and its population, followed by a ground invasion. The stated immediate purpose was to destroy enough Hamas military installations in order to stop the shooting of missiles into Israel.

Statistics provided by the Palestinian Authority show that the operation resulted in the death of 1314 Palestinians, among them 412 children and 110 women, and wounded 5300 Palestinians including 1855 children and 795 women. Thirteen Israelis were also killed.

A very fragile cease-fire is now in place in Gaza and South Israel. While negotiations for a durable cease-fire agreement continue, there are reports of ongoing bombing by Israel of the border area with Egypt to prevent the reconstruction of tunnels, and of Hamas shooting rockets into South Israel.

The extent of the devastation in the Gaza Strip caused by the Israeli military operation is gradually becoming known and it is horrific. Calls by civil society organizations and movements to make Israel accountable for its actions and to pay for the rebuilding of the area are clear. Accusations of war crimes having been committed are increasing.

In an action appeal issued on 26 January 2009, Amnesty International states that its international delegates visiting Gaza “have found indisputable evidence of widespread use of the chemical white phosphorus against the Palestinian civilians in densely populated residential areas…”.  The indiscriminate use of white phosphorus is a war crime under international law.

Professor Richard Falk, UN Special Rapporteur for Human Rights in the Occupied Territories, in a statement issued by the Office of the UN High Commissioner for Human Rights on 27 December 2008, stated that “The Israeli airstrikes on the Gaza Strip represent severe and massive violations of international humanitarian law as defined in the Geneva Conventions, both in regard to the obligations of an Occupying Power and in the requirements of the laws of war.”

Ban Ki-Moon, the United Nations Secretary General, has demanded a full investigation into Israel’s bombing of the UN Compound in Gaza.

The more than 18-months long blockade imposed by Israel on the Gaza Strip, keeping a million and a half Palestinians imprisoned in a small area had already produced a human catastrophe. How was it possible that the governments stood still while the sealed-in Gaza population was bombed and their land utterly devastated from the air and ground for more than 20 days? And what now?
Humanitarian aid to the Gaza population must be provided fast and in massive quantities. Huge amounts of material and financial assistance must be provided in volumes to rebuild Gaza and its economy.

As the same time a political solution of the Israel/Palestine conflict must be forged before further human catastrophes are inflicted. There is no military solution to this or any other conflict. Violence only begets more violence. The road to a just lasting peace is through negotiation, including negotiations for disarmament. For peace to last it must be built on basic justice for all involved in the conflict, and on the willingness of all to achieve that goal. Negotiations must include all concerned parties, including Hamas. It is also necessary to engage civil society, especially women’s organizations. In this regard, the Women’s International League for Peace and Freedom calls on all UN Member States, in particular the United States of America and the European Union Member States to change their policy and support such negotiations in full good faith.

Just Peace in Middle East can be brokered only by applying broad and inclusive perspective, firm demands and strong commitment from the international community. To build a sustainable peace it is not enough to talk with women and men from the civil society. Before it is too late, the international society should use flexible but uncompromisable diplomacy to bring at the negotiating table, together with the ruling political powers, these progressive forces: feminists, peace activists, intellectuals, thinkers and liberal politicians.

In this regard, the Women’s International League for Peace and Freedom calls on all UN Member States, in particular the United States of America and the European Union Member States to change their policy and support such negotiations in full good faith.

We urge the International Community to take steps:
– to end the occupation of all the lands occupied by Israel in 1967 and the dismantling of all Jewish settlements illegally constructed under international law as well as the dismantling of the separation wall built on Palestinian land ;
– to implement the relevant UN resolutions concerning the inalienable rights of the Palestinian people;
– to bring about the establishment of a viable, independent State of Palestine within the pre-1967 borders, with East Jerusalem as its capital,  side by side with Israel;

In the immediate, we urge:
– the rapid opening of the Gaza border crossings and the lifting of the blockade;
– Israel to fulfill its responsibilities as the occupying power;
– rapid aid to rebuild the devastated infrastructure in Gaza – schools, hospitals, medical services, electric grid, water supply, etc. and medical supplies, medicines, food, school books and supplies;
– protection of the Israeli and Palestinian populations by UN peace keepers and not by NATO;

We call for:
– the establishment of a Middle East zone free of all weapons of mass destruction;
And urge the USA and Israel to ratify the Rome Status of the International Criminal Court.

We further call for women to be included in every phase and level of activity in the work for peace as stated in UNSCR 1325.

WILPF Afghanistan

In response to the takeover of Afghanistan by the Taliban and its targeted attacks on civil society members, WILPF Afghanistan issued several statements calling on the international community to stand in solidarity with Afghan people and ensure that their rights be upheld, including access to aid. The Section also published 100 Untold Stories of War and Peace, a compilation of true stories that highlight the effects of war and militarisation on the region. 

IPB Congress Barcelona

WILPF Germany (+Young WILPF network), WILPF Spain and MENA Regional Representative

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Demilitarisation

WILPF uses feminist analysis to argue that militarisation is a counter-productive and ill-conceived response to establishing security in the world. The more society becomes militarised, the more violence and injustice are likely to grow locally and worldwide.

Sixteen states are believed to have supplied weapons to Afghanistan from 2001 to 2020 with the US supplying 74 % of weapons, followed by Russia. Much of this equipment was left behind by the US military and is being used to inflate Taliban’s arsenal. WILPF is calling for better oversight on arms movement, for compensating affected Afghan people and for an end to all militarised systems.

Militarised masculinity

Mobilising men and boys around feminist peace has been one way of deconstructing and redefining masculinities. WILPF shares a feminist analysis on the links between militarism, masculinities, peace and security. We explore opportunities for strengthening activists’ action to build equal partnerships among women and men for gender equality.

WILPF has been working on challenging the prevailing notion of masculinity based on men’s physical and social superiority to, and dominance of, women in Afghanistan. It recognizes that these notions are not representative of all Afghan men, contrary to the publicly prevailing notion.

Feminist peace​

In WILPF’s view, any process towards establishing peace that has not been partly designed by women remains deficient. Beyond bringing perspectives that encapsulate the views of half of the society and unlike the men only designed processes, women’s true and meaningful participation allows the situation to improve.

In Afghanistan, WILPF has been demanding that women occupy the front seats at the negotiating tables. The experience of the past 20 has shown that women’s presence produces more sustainable solutions when they are empowered and enabled to play a role.

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