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Invisible Global Militarisation in the North

12 August 2013

Photo of snow landskape

In late June 2013, Kirsti Kolthoff, a WILPF member and the convener of the Sub-Committee on Fundraising, traveled to Kiruna in the northern part of Sweden to participate in the High North and International Security Conference.

WILPF International is a member of the Global Network which organized the conference, along with Sweden’s Women for Peace Kiruna group. In this article Kirsti shares some highlights and reflections from the conference.

Invisible Global Militarisation in the North

2013-08-12_1624On June 27th, I traveled to Kiruna along with other WILPF members to participate in an important conference organised by the Global Network Against Weapons & Nuclear Power in Space to learn more about about how the North Arctic region is linked to militarisation and to raise awareness so that those effected by this militarisation can be heard.

We traveled there to visit the Esrange Space Center just outside the city, where images from satellites in polar orbits are downloaded and used for both civilian and military purposes linked to the North European Airspace Test Range (NEAT).

Effects of Global Militarisation on the Sami People

At Esrange, we wanted to learn more about how the Center’s work is linked to drone testing and yearly military exercises in the region.

A public relations team representing the Swedish Space Corporation initially told us that only civilian-use satellite imagery is downloaded at the Center, but after many knowledgeable people in our group objected they reluctantly admitted that satellite imagery is in fact provided to US and NATO military operations.

The tests and exercises take place in largely uninhabited areas, but overlap with the Udtja Nature Preservation in Sweden, some 16,000 sq km, effecting three Sami villages. The Sami are an indigenous population in the region who live in areas stretching across the borders of Norway, Finland and Sweden.

We heard from a witness, Lilian Mikaelsson, who grew up in a reindeer herding family in the Forrest Sami tradition. She spoke to us about the militarisation of Sami territory and described how the Sami people have had to abandon their ancestral land. While NEAT is good business for Sweden, it has been extremely harmful to the Sami people and conflicts with Article 30 of the UN Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples, which states:

“Military activities shall not take place in the lands or territories of indigenous peoples, unless justified by a relevant public interest or otherwise freely agreed with or requested by the indigenous peoples concerned.”

Vast Areas Across Borders Used by Foreign Military Forces
Courtesy of Kirsti Kolthoff
Courtesy of Kirsti Kolthoff

Invisible global militarisation stretches across the borders of all countries in the High North region, including Sweden, Finland and Norway.

Although Sweden is not a NATO member, in 2009 the Swedish government allowed NATO to conduct a large-scale training exercise using the NEAT facilities. Conference participants from Finland pointed out the large drone testing areas established in their country.

Norwegian journalist Bard Wormdal, author of ”The Satellite War,” also called attention to Norway’s involvement noting that Norway, which has downlink satellite stations at both north and south polar locations, is violating the Svalbard and Antarctic Treaties by providing the US with imagery that is used for military actions. The Treaties strictly forbid military operations of any kind from happening at these points. The Norwegian government denies Wormdal’s claim, although his book provides conclusive evidence of the violations.

We also heard from Bruce Gagnon and Dave Webb from the Global Network Against Weapons and Nuclear Power in Space, who shared their knowledge from 21 years working with the Global Network Against Weapons & Nuclear Power in Space and the US Missiles Defence – Space War in Action.

Conclusions from the Conference – What to do next?
Courtesy of Kirsti Kolthoff
Courtesy of Kirsti Kolthoff

Participants at the conference accepted a statement. Some key conclusions and recommendations include encouraging NGOs to draft international anti-drone agreements, to increase public awareness of the links between climate change and expanding militarism, and to designate the Arctic region as an International Nature Park to prevent further militarization of the area.

Additionally, the Global Network will pursue the idea of creating a documentary film that shows the dangers of expanding ”missile defence.”

The Global Network also produced a report with more details about the conference.

If you are interested in learning more, this paper documents a meeting at the United Nations Institute for Disarmament Research (UNIDIR).

Peace Activist Interrogated After the Conference

On his way home from the conference, one of the Global Network Advisory Board Members, Luis Gutierrez-Esparza of Mexico, was apprehended by United Airlines security and interrogated about the conference and its participants. His interrogation demonstrates how closely the work of the Global Network is being watched, and highlights how critical it is to continue to call attention to the many issues raised at the conference.

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Melissa Torres


Prior to being elected Vice-President, Melissa Torres was the WILPF US International Board Member from 2015 to 2018. Melissa joined WILPF in 2011 when she was selected as a Delegate to the Commission on the Status of Women as part of the WILPF US’ Practicum in Advocacy Programme at the United Nations, which she later led. She holds a PhD in Social Work and is a professor and Global Health Scholar at Baylor College of Medicine and research lead at BCM Anti-Human Trafficking Program. Of Mexican descent and a native of the US/Mexico border, Melissa is mostly concerned with the protection of displaced Latinxs in the Americas. Her work includes training, research, and service provision with the American Red Cross, the National Human Trafficking Training and Technical Assistance Centre, and refugee resettlement programs in the U.S. Some of her goals as Vice-President are to highlight intersectionality and increase diversity by fostering inclusive spaces for mentorship and leadership. She also contributes to WILPF’s emerging work on the topic of displacement and migration.

Jamila Afghani


Jamila Afghani is the President of WILPF Afghanistan which she started in 2015. She is also an active member and founder of several organisations including the Noor Educational and Capacity Development Organisation (NECDO). Elected in 2018 as South Asia Regional Representative to WILPF’s International Board, WILPF benefits from Jamila’s work experience in education, migration, gender, including gender-based violence and democratic governance in post-conflict and transitional countries.

Sylvie Jacqueline Ndongmo


Sylvie Jacqueline NDONGMO is a human rights and peace leader with over 27 years experience including ten within WILPF. She has a multi-disciplinary background with a track record of multiple socio-economic development projects implemented to improve policies, practices and peace-oriented actions. Sylvie is the founder of WILPF Cameroon and was the Section’s president until 2022. She co-coordinated the African Working Group before her election as Africa Representative to WILPF’s International Board in 2018. A teacher by profession and an African Union Trainer in peace support operations, Sylvie has extensive experience advocating for the political and social rights of women in Africa and worldwide.

WILPF Afghanistan

In response to the takeover of Afghanistan by the Taliban and its targeted attacks on civil society members, WILPF Afghanistan issued several statements calling on the international community to stand in solidarity with Afghan people and ensure that their rights be upheld, including access to aid. The Section also published 100 Untold Stories of War and Peace, a compilation of true stories that highlight the effects of war and militarisation on the region. 

IPB Congress Barcelona

WILPF Germany (+Young WILPF network), WILPF Spain and MENA Regional Representative

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WILPF uses feminist analysis to argue that militarisation is a counter-productive and ill-conceived response to establishing security in the world. The more society becomes militarised, the more violence and injustice are likely to grow locally and worldwide.

Sixteen states are believed to have supplied weapons to Afghanistan from 2001 to 2020 with the US supplying 74 % of weapons, followed by Russia. Much of this equipment was left behind by the US military and is being used to inflate Taliban’s arsenal. WILPF is calling for better oversight on arms movement, for compensating affected Afghan people and for an end to all militarised systems.

Militarised masculinity

Mobilising men and boys around feminist peace has been one way of deconstructing and redefining masculinities. WILPF shares a feminist analysis on the links between militarism, masculinities, peace and security. We explore opportunities for strengthening activists’ action to build equal partnerships among women and men for gender equality.

WILPF has been working on challenging the prevailing notion of masculinity based on men’s physical and social superiority to, and dominance of, women in Afghanistan. It recognizes that these notions are not representative of all Afghan men, contrary to the publicly prevailing notion.

Feminist peace​

In WILPF’s view, any process towards establishing peace that has not been partly designed by women remains deficient. Beyond bringing perspectives that encapsulate the views of half of the society and unlike the men only designed processes, women’s true and meaningful participation allows the situation to improve.

In Afghanistan, WILPF has been demanding that women occupy the front seats at the negotiating tables. The experience of the past 20 has shown that women’s presence produces more sustainable solutions when they are empowered and enabled to play a role.

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