Four students from the Graduate Institute in Geneva (IHEID) recently partnered with WILPF on a Capstone research study entitled “Militarised Masculinities: Identifying Causes, Manifestations, and Strategies for Change”. Using analysis of major case studies, the research looks at how military actors generate norms about manhood, how these norms are ocialized in society, and how military recruitment practices exploit these norms.
While peacekeeping missions might be deployed as part of the effort to demilitarize non-state armed groups and professionalize standing armies by bringing in new soldiers with new uniforms and armaments, peacekeeping missions can in fact perpetuate the militarization of society and propagate problematic ideas about men’s roles.
A report from two peer exchange meetings co-convened by WILPF and PAX in February and March bringing together 20 global and national peacebuilding organisations working to incorporate a focus on men and masculinities. Participating organisations included: ABAAD, ACOOC, Conciliation Resources, GENSAC, International Peace Institute, Living Peace Institute, MEND, MenEngage, Men as Partners for WPS, PRIO, Saferworld, Small Arms Survey, Sonke Gender Justice, Swisspeace, International Alert, USIP). Together we developed preliminary plans for ongoing joint advocacy. To inform this meeting, PAX and WILPF conducted and analysed an online survey with peacebuilding organisations already working on masculinities or interested in doing so to understand their focus, priorities and opportunities for collaboration. The results are discussed in the report.