Pacific and Indian Oceans
5 August 1983
The 22nd Congress of the Women’s International League for Peace and Freedom, 31 July – 6 August, 1983 in Göteborg, Sweden:
Concerned about the increased military presence of outside powers in the Indian Ocean, WILPF again declares its support for the concept of the Indian Ocean as a zone of peace embodied in the UN Declaration of 1971.
Concerned also about the increasing nuclearisation of the Pacific Ocean and islands, WILPF seeks from the UN a treaty establishing the Pacific as a Nuclear Weapon Free Zone similar to the Treaty of Tlatelolco establishing Latin America as a Nuclear Weapon Free Zone. Such a treaty to prohibit the use of the Pacific Ocean and Islands for the purposes such as: nuclear weapon tests; dumping of nuclear wastes; storage of nuclear weapons and establishing of nuclear bases; harbouring and passage of nuclear powered and/or nuclear-armed vessels and submarines.
The Congress requests all sections to urge their governments to:
(a) Ask the UN to expedite the holding of the postponed Indian Ocean Conference originally decided by resolution of December, 1971; and
(b) Ask the UN to promote a Treaty establishing the Pacific Ocean as a nuclear weapon free zone
(c) The Congress requests all sections to press for the dismantling of the nuclearized military and naval base of Diego Garcia and the withdrawal of the rapid deployment force stationed at this base.